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THE MAGNA CARTA - Latin for The Great Charter of Liberities;

The Magna Carta, 1215, is the beginning of the common law of England. All other Laws of England, common or of parliament,  were built on it's foundation and it is still regarded as Law to this day, 800 years later.

"The democratic aspiration is no mere recent phase in human history . . . It was written in Magna Carta." --Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1941 Inaugural address

On June 15, 1215, in a field at Runnymede, King John affixed his seal to Magna Carta. Confronted by 40 rebellious barons, he consented to their demands in order to avert civil war. Just 10 weeks later, Pope Innocent III nullified the agreement, and England plunged into internal war.

Although Magna Carta failed to resolve the conflict between King John and his barons, it was reissued several times after his death. On display at the National Archives, courtesy of David M. Rubenstein, is one of four surviving originals of the 1297 Magna Carta. This version was entered into the official Statute Rolls of England.

Enduring Principles of Liberty

Magna Carta was written by a group of 13th-century barons to protect their rights and property against a tyrannical king. It is concerned with many practical matters and specific grievances relevant to the feudal system under which they lived. The interests of the common man were hardly apparent in the minds of the men who brokered the agreement. But there are two principles expressed in Magna Carta that resonate to this day:

"No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, disseised, outlawed, banished, or in any way destroyed, nor will We proceed against or prosecute him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land."

"To no one will We sell, to no one will We deny or delay, right or justice."

Inspiration for Americans

During the American Revolution, Magna Carta served to inspire and justify action in liberty’s defense. The colonists believed they were entitled to the same rights as Englishmen, rights guaranteed in Magna Carta. They embedded those rights into the laws of their states and later into the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

The Fifth Amendment to the Constitution ("no person shall . . . be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.") is a direct descendent of Magna Carta's guarantee of proceedings according to the "law of the land."

Forgoing copied from http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/

The same common law is found In the Texas Constitution

Section 13 of Article I, the Texas Bill of Rights: All courts shall be open, and every person for an injury done him, in his lands, goods, person or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law.

COMMENT: meant to secure courts open to a Citizen for injury done by govenment, by and through those who act in it's name while acting or purporting to act in the name of the government (aka, the State). Kings and governments have always provided courts for subjects to secure remedy from other subjects. No Magna Carta, Constitution, or statutory law was necessary for this.

Sec. 28 of Art. I: No power of suspending laws in this State shall be exercised except by the Legislature.

COMMENT: means the Executive Division (Office Attorney General) cannot (Constitutionally or Lawfully) request the Judicial Divsion close the courts (by asserting the divine right of Kings, aka Sovereign Immunity) and that even if the Executive Division (OAG) should, the Judicial Division - not even the entire Texas Supreme Court - can grant their request without being in violation of our Texas Constitution.

Sec. 29 of Art. I: To guard against transgressions of the high powers herein delegated, we declare that everything in this "Bill of Rights" is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall forever remain inviolate, and all laws contrary thereto, or to the following provisions, shall be void. COMMENT: means the Legislature cannot suspend the Bill of Rights.

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